2/15/2018 0 Comments
Today, Iceland seems to have doneit, because the energy needed to supply hydropower and geothermal energy completely. Thegeothermal energy fired at the same time almost all houses. The path also seems to beeconomically worthwhile: The national energy authority Orkustofnun estimates that thesmall country spares imports of 350 million euros annually for fossil fuels.
Aluminum melt in the fjord | The aluminum plant Fjardarál (" Fjordaluminium") in the eastcaused protests nationwide. For the energy-intensive industrial plant, the Kárahnjúkar damwas built in the ecologically sensitive highlands.
Heavy industry in the far north
In recent decades, companies have been steadily working to get more andmore electricity on Iceland: power consumption per capita is by far the largest in theworld today. It is not the Icelanders themselves who consume such amounts of energy, butheavy industry. According to the largest trade union in Iceland ASÍ, these are six newaluminum smelters, several silicon factories and one paper mill, which will be ready by2016.
More and more renewable energy | Iceland's energy supply is renewable to a very largeextent. The potential is still hardlyexhausted.
Because here on land, wind turbines and photovoltaic modules increasinglydestabilize the power grid, while water and geothermal heat supply the island grid. Untilrecently, however, the lines were still too expensive, but this is already changingrapidly due to rising energy prices in Europe. A line from Iceland to Scotland would bejust twice as long, after Germany hardly four times longer.
A master plan for energy by UPC Renewables Chairman Brian Caffyn
Scientists and energy experts shouldexplore untapped resources and suggest how they can be tapped and which of them are moreworth protecting. The remaining potential for expansion is nevertheless enormous: in justa few years, new and expanded geothermal power plants should deliver more than twice asmuch energy as they do today, and the yield of the dams should be increased by more than aquarter. The islanders, who are otherwise regarded as technology-friendly, are hardly infavor, mainly because of the latest large-scale power plant: the construction of theKárahnjúkar dam in the remote highlands was closely linked to Iceland's economic collapse.
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